Manchester United F.C:

Nicknames: The Red Devils

Ground: Sir Matt Busby Way, Old Trafford, Trafford, Greater Manchester, England

Manchester United FC.

The club was formed as Newton Heath L&YR F.C in 1878 by the Carriage and Wagon department of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (LYR) depot at Newton Heath. The team initially played games against other departments and rail companies, but on 20 November 1880, they competed in their first recorded match; wearing the colours of the railway company – green and gold – they were defeated 6–0 by Bolton Wanderers’ reserve team.

In January 1902, with debts of £2,670 – equivalent to £250,000 in 2014 – the club was served with a winding-up order. Captain Harry Stafford found four local businessmen, including John Henry Davies (who became club president), each willing to invest £500 in return for a direct interest in running the club and who subsequently changed the name; on 24 April 1902, Manchester United was officially born.

The Red Devils won their first title in 1908, but it was not until the 1950s, and after the great Sir Matt Busby had taken over as manager, that the club enjoyed its first period of sustained success.

He steered the club to three championships over the decade, and United also became the first English club to compete in the European Cup, where they lost in the semi-finals to Real Madrid in 1957.

The club endured its darkest day in 1958 when the plane carrying the team home from a European match crashed, killing eight players in a tragedy known as the Munich air disaster.

Busby, who survived the crash along with arguably the club’s greatest ever player Sir Bobby Charlton, rebuilt the team. A side featuring the dazzling George Best and Denis Law won two league titles in the 60s, before claiming their maiden European Cup, defeating Benfica in the 1968 final.

After Busby resigned in 1969, no manager came close to emulating his success until Ferguson arrived in 86. After reportedly coming within one defeat of losing his job in 1990, Ferguson built a dynasty at Old Trafford and the club have now won more league titles than Liverpool.

A crop of home grown players who came through in the 90s including Ryan Giggs, David Beckham, Paul Scholes and the Neville brothers, Gary and Phil, were integral to many of the club’s triumphs.

 

Support

Manchester United is reputed to be the most popular football club in the world, with one of the highest average home attendance in Europe. The club states that its worldwide fan base includes more than 200 officially recognised branches of the Manchester United Supporters Club (MUSC), in at least 24 countries.

The club takes advantage of this support through its worldwide summer tours. Accountancy firm and sports industry consultants Deloitte estimate that Manchester United has 75 million fans worldwide,while other estimates put this figure closer to 333 million

 

Kit:

The club crest is derived from the Manchester City Council coat of arms, although all that remains of it on the current crest is the ship in full sail. The devil stems from the club’s nickname “The Red Devils”; it was included on club programmes and scarves in the 1960s, and incorporated into the club crest in 1970, although the crest was not included on the chest of the shirt until 1971 (unless the team was playing in a Cup Final).

A photograph of the Newton Heath team, taken in 1892, is believed to show the players wearing red-and-white quartered jerseys and blue shorts. Between 1894–96, the players wore distinctive green and gold jerseys which were replaced in 1896 by white shirts, which were worn with blue shorts. After the name change in 1902, the club colours were changed to red shirts, white shorts, and black socks, which has become the standard Manchester United home kit.

The Manchester United away strip has often been a white shirt, black shorts and white socks, but there have been several exceptions. These include an all-black strip with blue and gold trimmings between 1993 and 1995, the navy blue shirt with silver horizontal pinstripes worn during the 1999–2000 season, and the 2011–12 away kit, which had a royal blue body and sleeves with hoops made of small midnight navy blue and black stripes, with black shorts and blue socks.

 

Global brand

 

Manchester United has been described as a global brand; a 2011 report by Brand Finance, valued the club’s trademarks and associated intellectual property at £412 million

In July 2012, Manchester United was ranked first by Forbes magazine in its list of the ten most valuable sports team brands, valuing the Manchester United brand at $2.23 billion.

 

Arch-enemy:

Other than the big rivalry with Manchester City, United have other rivalries with Arsenal – due to the amount of times the two clubs have competed for league titles over the years, especially with the two managers in charge (Sir Alex Ferguson and Arsene Wenger),

Liverpool – due to the competition between the two cities during the industrial Revolution,

The Liverpool F.C.–Manchester United F.C. rivalry is a footballing rivalry between English clubs Liverpool and Manchester United. It is considered to be one of the biggest rivalry matches in Europe..

Leeds United – due to the Wars of the Roses that was fought between the House of Lancaster and the House of York with Manchester United representing Lancashire and Leeds representing Yorkshire.

 

Honours: Manchester Utd have quite a disguised collection of honours.

Champions League/ European Cup:

1968, 1999, 2008

Premier League:
1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999,
2000, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013

First Division Title:
1908, 1911, 1952, 1956, 1957
1965, 1967

FA Cup:
1909, 1948, 1963, 1977, 1983, 1985
1990, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2004

League Cup:
1992, 2006, 2009, 2010

European Cup Winners Cup:
1991

European Super Cup:
1991

Intercontinental Cup:
1999

World Club Champions:
2008

Charity/Community Shield:
1908, 1911, 1952, 1956, 1957, 1965*
1967*, 1977* 1983, 1990*, 1993, 1994
1996, 1997, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2013

 

Did You Know? 

In one of the club’s biggest upsets, United goalkeeper Gary Bailey saved three penalties against Ipswich Town at Portman Road in 1980. But United still lost the game 6-0.

The first ever game at Old Trafford took place on February 19th 1910 against Liverpool. The visitors won 4-3.

 

Famous Players: Former Man Utd players who are notable include Cristiano Ronaldo, Peter Schmeichel, Duncan Edwards, Roy Keane, Ryan Giggs, Denis Law, Eric Cantona,Bobby Charlton, Robin Van Persie, Paul Scholes, Edwin van der Sar, Bryan Robson

Biggest away defeat overall:
Record League defeat: Blackburn Rovers 0-7 , First Division, 10 April 1926

Biggest home win overall:
Record win: 10–0 v Anderlecht, European Cup Preliminary Round, second leg, 26 September 1956

 

 

Unofficial Web Sites:

Stretford End – The Website of Dreams

Red News

Independent Manchester United Supporters Association

Red Issue

The Republik of Mancunia

United We Stand

Man Utd Daily News

Red 11

Red Rants